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Healthcare Mergers On the Rise in 2018

Posted by Laura McMullen on Thu, Feb 22, 2018

A trend that got a lot of attention at the end of 2017 was insurers moving further into healthcare delivery. These three high-profile transactions are just the latest examples:

  • Humana purchased 40% of Kindred Healthcare, a group of long-term acute care and inpatient rehabilitation hospitals.
  • United Health Group purchased DaVita Medical Group, nearly 300 clinics and six outpatient clinics in Florida, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Washington, from DaVita Inc., one of the largest kidney care companies in the U.S.
  • CVS is buying Aetna, combining CVS’ retail presence, pharmacy solutions, infusion services, and nursing professionals providing in-clinic and home-based care across the nation with Aetna’s national, regional, and state insurance offerings.

mergers and acquisitions.jpgIn Pennsylvania, the line between providers and insurers has been blurred for a long time. Highmark Health and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center are realigning their networks as they compete for market share in central Pennsylvania. Most UPMC hospitals are leaving the Highmark network in June 2019. Highmark’s Allegheny Health Network announced a partnership with Penn State Health in December 2017 and a joint venture with Geisinger in May 2017. UPMC formed a joint venture with Reading Health System in late 2016 to offer health insurance in southeastern Pennsylvania and completed a merger with PinnacleHealth in September 2017. Additionally, both systems are investing in specific service lines in Pittsburgh. This Modern Healthcare article details the rivalry between the two companies.

And more mergers appear to be on the way in 2018. The results of a Capital One Healthcare survey in Modern Healthcare found that about half of the respondents in its middle-market sample plan to buy or merge with existing businesses this year. In addition, 20% said they plan to revitalize and update existing offerings while 21% said they plan to launch new segments or sectors. The primary reasons cited for these actions are pricing pressure, availability of private equity, and filling in service gaps. The uncertainty around the Affordable Care Act is inhibiting the desire to add new businesses somewhat, particularly in segments dominated by government-sponsored insurance.  

How are provider mergers affecting your network? What about provider-insurer combinations?

Tags: healthcare mergers, healthcare networks, healthcare providers, healthcare insurers, health insurance mergers, insurance networks, healthcare system

Pros and Cons of Health Insurer Mergers for Employers

Posted by Laura McMullen on Wed, Aug 05, 2015

mergerAetna acquires Humana. Anthem acquires Cigna. Centene acquires Health Net. Assurant Health is bought by National General. These are big moves that are creating bigger companies in an already huge $2.9 trillion industry. There’s been lots of analysis about the acquisitions, like this Modern Healthcare article from July 2015 that explains how gaining more Medicare Advantage business is the purpose of these mergers, but the perspective that I’m finding most interesting is what employers are saying.

Consolidations Are a Mixed Blessing

A Business Insurance article published after the Aetna/Humana and Centene/Health Net deals were announced described the results of an Aon Hewitt employer survey of nearly 100 employers. Jim Walker, Aon Hewitt’s global chief innovation officer for health and benefits consulting, wasn’t surprised at the results. “On the one hand, consolidation will give insurers more clout in negotiating with health care providers. On the other hand, employers are concerned that fewer and bigger health insurers will mean they have less leverage in negotiating with insurers.” Here are some of the top line results of the survey:

  • Three-quarters of the employers surveyed thought the impact would reduce options or have no effect.
  • More than half said they were considering changes to their health plan strategies.
  • More than three-quarters said the industry consolidation would not affect their short-term decision-making about retiree options.

Another Business Insurance article published a week later, after the Anthem/Cigna deal was announced to result in the nation’s biggest health insurer, offered similar perspective. Here are a few quotes:

“From the employer side, the deal can be ‘good news,’ if the much larger Anthem can ‘cut better deals with medical providers,’ concurs Dave Osterndorf, a partner and chief health care actuary at Health Exchange Resources in Mequon, Wisconsin.”

“Adding Cigna's book of business ‘may rebalance provider negotiation leverage in Anthem's favor after years of provider consolidation that has gone pretty much under the radar screen,’ says Brian Marcotte, president of the National Business Group on Health in Washington. “Large employers will have concerns about the merger between Anthem and Cigna because employers will be left with only three major insurers who can support large multi-state employers on a nationwide basis.”

PricewaterhouseCoopers predicts medical cost trend to increase 6.5% in 2016, with a projection of 4.5% after benefit design changes, in their Behind the Numbers 2016 report. The trend is increasing more slowly than in years past although healthcare costs continue to outpace inflation so employers are understandably still interested in reducing the impact of healthcare costs in their bottom lines.

Balancing Cost and Choice

I’ve written that headline a million times in my healthcare career. Most of the time, I’ve been describing benefit options to employees but it applies to the choice facing employers as well. They want to offer health insurance for a variety of reasons – the other companies in their industry offer it, they’ve always offered it, healthy employees are more productive than sick employees, etc. As the costs continue to rise, employers hold the line on their costs and shift more to the employees through higher deductibles and more premium cost-sharing.

The mergers and acquisitions we’re seeing now are bringing that choice to the forefront again for employers. Which way are your customers leaning?

Tags: health insurance, healthcare reform, healthcare benefits, health insurers, medicare, medical insurance, health insurance mergers

 

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