A trend that got a lot of attention at the end of 2017 was insurers moving further into healthcare delivery. These three high-profile transactions are just the latest examples:
- Humana purchased 40% of Kindred Healthcare, a group of long-term acute care and inpatient rehabilitation hospitals.
- United Health Group purchased DaVita Medical Group, nearly 300 clinics and six outpatient clinics in Florida, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Washington, from DaVita Inc., one of the largest kidney care companies in the U.S.
- CVS is buying Aetna, combining CVS’ retail presence, pharmacy solutions, infusion services, and nursing professionals providing in-clinic and home-based care across the nation with Aetna’s national, regional, and state insurance offerings.
In Pennsylvania, the line between providers and insurers has been blurred for a long time. Highmark Health and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center are realigning their networks as they compete for market share in central Pennsylvania. Most UPMC hospitals are leaving the Highmark network in June 2019. Highmark’s Allegheny Health Network announced a partnership with Penn State Health in December 2017 and a joint venture with Geisinger in May 2017. UPMC formed a joint venture with Reading Health System in late 2016 to offer health insurance in southeastern Pennsylvania and completed a merger with PinnacleHealth in September 2017. Additionally, both systems are investing in specific service lines in Pittsburgh. This Modern Healthcare article details the rivalry between the two companies.
And more mergers appear to be on the way in 2018. The results of a Capital One Healthcare survey in Modern Healthcare found that about half of the respondents in its middle-market sample plan to buy or merge with existing businesses this year. In addition, 20% said they plan to revitalize and update existing offerings while 21% said they plan to launch new segments or sectors. The primary reasons cited for these actions are pricing pressure, availability of private equity, and filling in service gaps. The uncertainty around the Affordable Care Act is inhibiting the desire to add new businesses somewhat, particularly in segments dominated by government-sponsored insurance.
How are provider mergers affecting your network? What about provider-insurer combinations?